Machine Learning in Finance


What you’ll learn


  • Learn how implementing advanced analytics could help boost efficiency
  • See how automation can cut down on hours of manual labor
  • Find out how machine learning can improve the cash forecasting


Managing finances for a company in this day and age is not a task for the faint of heart. Proper data visualization and the ability to optimize processes could take a lot of time for people to develop. But living in the twenty-first century gives us the advantage of having automation backing our endeavors, which makes the procedure a lot easier to maneuver.

How Does Technology Come In?

The main problem faced by most companies in the age of information is the sheer abundance of it. As contradictory as that sounds, processing mountains of data and converting that into a usable and curated form takes too much time and effort. Being able to churn out information at the same speed as the information flowing in might sound like a dream, but using the right technology and algorithms could help boost speed and efficiency in that matter.

“To be able to set the right course for the future, finance functions must get better at processing—and extracting forward-looking insights from—large amounts of data.”

-E&Y | The DNA of the CFO, 2016

Even by normal metrics, using technology in day to day data analytics gives huge returns in the processing time used overall. The first step for implementing a better analytics strategy is to introduce measures that promote the use of a single database. This could help with convenient tracking of information and enabling software to integrate into the database can further support it. However, constant improvement also plays a key part. Growing from just business intelligence to implementing machine learning into analytics turns that step into a leap, cutting down manual efforts and tasks exponentially. Because at the end of the day, being the best in the game, requires speed and accuracy. The point is that leveraging technology and machine learning algorithms in the field of finance and centralizing more processes like revenue forecasting could help improve effectiveness.

Where Does Automation Fit?

Automation here in this context refers to machine learning. But what is machine learning in itself? Machine learning is a clever program that helps us answer these four questions:-

1. Regression or How Much:- Deals with the logistics of quantity. Example; What will revenue be in Q3 in Latin America for product X?

This helps with revenue forecasting. Before ML’s introduction, the process was extremely manual, but now it can be used to get within a 2% forecast accuracy, which helps in decision making and uses less time.

2. Classification or What Category:- Deals with the logistics of probability. Example; What is the probability that a customer will churn to a competitive product?

This helps answer the question of whether a product requires change, and if so how will it be received in the market. The statistics provided could help make that call.

3. Clustering or In What Group:- Deals with curating and compiling data. Example; What bundles of products sell well together?

Machine learning helps in grouping and classification of information flowing in so that insightful data is easier to extract from it. It also highlights patterns and behaviors that it finds to be relevant.

4. Anomaly Detection:- The ability to find and handle exceptions. Example; Which customer is likely to default on its payment?

Compliance is a huge part of the finance business, thus having any issues overlooked could cause hassles in the future. ML finds these issues and highlights them to show that these are the exceptions that need to be taken care of.

“By 2020, 50% of all business analytics software will incorporate prescriptive analytics built on cognitive computing functionality.”

-IDC

ML is used nowadays in many fields in the order to cash cycle, from financial analysis and reporting to risk management, with a variety of roles, from assessing the health of a company and revenue planning, to implementing blockchain in treasury management.

The incorporation of technology in financial strategy and forecasting has helped usher it into a new era of speed and accessibility. Saving hours of manual work and the ability to adapt to different needs make it ideal for this fast economy.

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